As part of the synbio revolution lab-as-a-service providers such as Transcriptic and Emerald cloud labs are popping up, enabling researchers to perform experiments remotely. On the other hand, locally deployed low-cost setups are also gaining ground. An example is a paper published last year in Nature Biotechnology by the Riedel-Kruse lab. The authors developed a microscope coupled to a small flow chamber to observe Euglena swimming around. Via a web interface LEDs that surround the flow chamber can be turned on, so you can actually remotely control the movement of the Euglena (as they like to move to the light). The whole setup only costs $1000 a year, so an low-cost and accessible option for the educational field. The project seems a follow-up on a previous educational device from the same group called the LudusScope, a Gameboy like smartphone microscope.
In 2015 the TU Delft iGEM team won the grand prize with their biolink 3D printer. Last month a write up of an improved version was published in ACS Synthetic Biology. Instead of building a 3D printer from K’nex (as the iGEM team did), this version is a modification of the CoLiDo DIY 3D printer. Structures can be build by dissolving bacteria together with alginate and depositing this ‘bioink’ on a buildplate containing calcium. The combination of alginate and calcium triggers a cross-linking process leading to solidification of the extruded mixture. Using the technology a 14-layer high structure (of around 2 mm) containing two different bacterial strains was printed in various shapes.
The Maerkl lab published a preprint on bioRxiv last month on a microfluidic biodisplay with 768 programmable biopixels. Of this biodisplay each individual compartment (or pixel) can be inoculated with a different strain. As a proof-of-concept the pixels were loaded with previously developed arsinicum sensing strains. The WHO states a maximum of 10 μg/L of arsenite in tap water, so water spiked with various amounts of arsine were flown over the biodisplay. After 10 hours a skull-and-cross-bones symbol is visible using a microscope when as little as 20 μg/L arsinite spiked water is flow over the biodisplay. As there is room for 768 different strains, this setup can actually be used to do some pretty powerful analysis.
In the Journal of Laboratory Automation an article describes an open source (although the article itself is not open access) peptide synthesizer named Pepsy. Peptide synthesizers often cost more than $20.000, whereas Pepsy can be assembled for less than $4000. The author put the complete Fmoc solid phase peptide synthesis process under the control of an Arduino (an open source prototyping platform). As an example, a ten residue peptide was synthesized that can be used as a contrast agent for nuclear medicine. The source code for Pepsy is available here on Github.
Do you have more exciting examples? Let me know!